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Bioethics Grand Rounds

Wed, September 28, 2016, 12:00pm
Location: 
UH Ford Amphitheater & Lobby

Carl Schneider, JD -- “Can Informed-Consent Laws Work? Evaluating Compelled Disclosure as a Method of Regulation”

Abstract: The law of informed consent is an example of a form of legal regulation called mandated disclosure.  In such regulation, one party to a transaction is required to give the other party to the transaction information to use in making decisions about the parties’ relationship.  There are hundreds of examples of such legal rules besides medical informed consent. This talk asks how well these rules have worked outside medicine. It concludes that there is little evidence that those rules ever work, explores some of the reasons for this surprising failure, and asks what the failure of mandated disclosure outside medicine tells us about the success of informed-consent laws in medicine.

Fri, July 14, 2017

A study by current and former CBSSM faculty and staff was recently highlighted in Horsetalk (NZ). Angela Fagerlin, Thomas Valley, Aaron Scherer, Megan Knaus, Enny Das, and Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher were co-authors on an international study looking at the impact of flu labels (including "Horse Flu" and "Yarramin Flu") and graphics on risk perceptions and behavioral intentions.

 

Parents' decision-making about medicating infants (Jul-13)

Imagine that you are the parent of a 1-month-old infant. Your infant spits up a lot. Often there is so much spit-up that you are amazed that there is anything left in your infant’s stomach.  After spitting-up, your infant cries a lot. The crying and spitting seems especially bad after eating. But sometimes it seems like she is uncomfortable most of the time. It seems like there is nothing that you can do to stop the crying or to soothe your infant. You are worried that an infant who is this uncomfortable, and that spits up this much, might not be healthy. So, you decided to take your infant to the doctor to be checked.

After listening to your story and examining your infant, your doctor says, “You infant has something called GERD, or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. GERD happens when infants have a weak valve at the entrance to their stomach and, as a result, food and acid from the stomach can travel back up toward the infant’s mouth. When this happens, the infant may spit-up, and the acid in the spit-up may make her uncomfortable, and cause her to cry. Some doctors prescribe a medication that is often used to treat infants with GERD. Most infants grow out of GERD on their own, but medication is an option if you want it. However, studies have shown that this medicine probably doesn’t do anything to help improve symptoms in babies with GERD. This is the same medication that is taken by adults who have bothersome heartburn. This medication is generally considered safe for infants, and rarely causes serious side effects. I’ll give you this prescription and leave it up to you to decide whether or not you want to give it to your infant.”

Fri, March 12, 2010

Peter Ubel, MD, spoke recently at the DeVos Medical Ethics Colloquy at Grand Valley State University in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Dr. Ubel's presentation, "Rationing vs. Rationalizing Health Care," was covered by news outlets in western Michigan. To see a clip from television reports, go to http://www.peterubel.com.

This two-day conference took place on the UM campus and is presented by the University of Michigan Medical School.  It was also supported by the Office of the Vice President for Research; the Center for Ethics and Public Life; Rackham Distinguished Faculty Grant; Greenwall Foundation; and Institute for Social Policy and Understanding.  Click here for conference videos, course packets, and reference materials. 

CBSSM co-sponsored the 15th Annual Waggoner Bioethics Lecture on November 3, 2010, hosting a breakfast in honor of the speaker, Dr. Bernard Lo, Director of the Program in Medical Ethics at UCSF.  The Waggoner lecture is organized by the Department of Psychiatry in honor of Dr. Raymond Waggoner, chair of the department from 1937 to 1970.

Be sure to post a comment at peterubel.com, the blog of the former CBSSM director, Peter A. Ubel, MD. Dr. Ubel's commentaries range across science, policy, health, well-being, and ethics. Topics include bankruptcy, behavior, and building; nuances, nature, and neighborhoods; soccer, satire, and scientocracy.

Joel Howell, MD, PhD, was awarded the American College of Physicians (ACP) Nicholas E. Davies Memorial Scholar Award for Scholarly Activities in the Humanities and History of Medicine for 2013.

This award is given for outstanding contributions to humanism in medicine and will be bestowed in recognition of scholarly activities in history, literature, philosophy and ethics. The award is described in detail at ACP‘s website.

Drs.  Shuman, Vercler, De Vries and Firn have been awarded a CME Innovations Grant from the Office of Continuous Professional Development to develop a multidisciplinary ethics curriculum for practicing clinicians across UMHS critical care units.

Naomi Laventhal was appointed to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Bioethics. She also serves as the liason to the Executive Committee of the AAP Section on Bioethics (which is the educational/outreach arm) and edits the “ethics case of the month” listserv for AAP.

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