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Thu, April 12, 2018

The US Public Health Service exposed more than 1,300 Guatemalans to syphilis, gonorrhea, and other sexually transmitted infections without consent in the late 1940s.  Kayte Spector-Bagdady and Paul Lombardo worked on the 2011 US Presidential Bioethics Commission report condemning the Cold War experiments as “unconscionable,” which spurred calls for recompense of the victims, their descendants, and families. According to a new report by medical historians, human tissues from unethical experiments conducted in Guatemala in the 1940s might still rest on the shelves of US government labs.

 

Elias Baumgarten, PhD

Alumni

Elias Baumgarten served on the philosophy faculty of the University of Michigan-Dearborn from 1972 to 2018. In addition to teaching Medical Ethics regularly, he taught a wide range of other courses including "Darwinism and Philosophy," "The Problem of Human Freedom," and "Ethics of War and Peace." He has served on the UMHS Pediatric Ethics Committee since 1986 and the Adult Ethics Committee since 1985. He was a member of the Executive Committee of the Medical Ethics Resource Network of Michigan from 2007 to 2012.

Last Name: 
Baumgarten

Janice Firn, PhD, MSW

Faculty

Dr. Firn has a BS from Michigan State University, MSW from the University of Michigan, and PhD from Lancaster University (UK). Janice is a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Learning Health Sciences (DLHS), Division of Professional Education. Before DLHS, Janice worked in oncology and palliative care at Michigan Medicine. She is also part of the Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine (CBSSM), and serves as a Clinical Ethicist for the Clinical Ethics Service.

Last Name: 
Firn

Adam Marks, MD

Faculty

Dr. Marks is associate director of the adult Palliative and Supportive Care Clinic at the East Ann Arbor Health and Geriatrics Center, as well as the Adult Palliative Care medical director at Arbor Hospice. He received his medical degree and masters of public health from the Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, Wisconsin. He completed his combined internal medicine-pediatrics residency at the University of Michigan, where he also completed his fellowship training in palliative care.

Last Name: 
Marks

Jody Platt, PhD, MPH

Faculty

Jody Platt, PhD, MPH is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Learning Health Sciences, Division of Learning and Knowledge Systems. She received her MPH and PhD from the University of Michigan School of Public Health in health policy, with a concentration in medical sociology. Her research interests are in trust in health and health care, and the ethical, legal, and social implications of learning health systems, precision medicine, and big health data.

Last Name: 
Platt

Lauren Smith, MD

Faculty

Dr. Lauren Smith is a Clinical Professor in the Department of Pathology at the University of Michigan specializing in hematopathology. She is Director of the Ethics Path of Excellence at the Medical School. She has been a member of the University of Michigan Adult Ethics Committee since 2005 and also serves as a Faculty Ethicist in CBSSM's Clinical Ethics Service. She is Chair of the Michigan State Medical Society Ethics Committee. Her research interests include ethical issues in clinical medicine and pathology.

 
Research Interests: 
Last Name: 
Smith

Joel Howell, MD, PhD

Faculty

Joel D. Howell is a Professor at the University of Michigan in the departments of Internal Medicine (Medical School), Health Management and Policy (School of Public Health), and History (College of Literature, Science, and the Arts), as well as the Victor C. Vaughan Professor of the History of Medicine. He received his M.D. at the University of Chicago, and stayed at that institution for his internship and residency in internal medicine. At the University of Pennsylvania, he was a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar, and received his Ph.D. in the History and Sociology of Science.

Research Interests: 
Last Name: 
Howell
Mon, June 11, 2018

A new study shows how to personalize the lung cancer screening decision for every patient. The results could help doctors fine-tune their advice to patients, so that it’s based not just on a patient’s individual lung cancer risk and the potential benefits and harms of screening, but also a likely range of patient attitudes about looking for problems and dealing with the consequences.

Published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the study forms the backbone for new free online decision tools aimed at physicians and their teams, and at members of the public.

The tool for clinicians, called Lung Decision Precision, was designed by a University of Michigan and Veterans Affairs team to help clinicians talk with patients and their loved ones about whether to a lung CT scan might be a good idea for them.

The same team has also launched a website for patients and their loved ones, U.S. News & World Report: Should You Get Screened for Lung Cancer?, that gives easy-to-understand information about the positives and potential negatives of lung cancer screening, and allows individuals to calculate their personal risk of lung cancer.

Tanner Caverly, M.D., M.P.H., led the team that did the new computer-based simulation analysis using data from major studies of lung cancer screening, and national data on the potential screening population under the current guidelines.

Tanner Caverly was also recently interviewed for U.S. News & World Report on the risks and benefits of lung cancer screening. According to Dr. Caverly, it important to tailor the conversation about screening because the benefit-versus-risk calculation differs for each patient.

Raymond De Vries, PhD

Associate Director

Raymond De Vries PhD is Associate Director at the Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine at the University of Michigan and is a Professor in the Department of Learning Health Sciences and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. He is also visiting professor at CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, University of Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Last Name: 
De Vries

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